Because/Because of 16/17 ep.15
In this week's Premier Skills English podcast, Rich and Jack talk about last weekend's World Cup qualifiers and the performances of some Premier League players for their countries. Rich makes a big fashion mistake when he buys some Liverpool earmuffs and this week's language focus is the difference between 'because' and 'because of'. We also have a reminder about our Big Football Quiz, where you can win a Nike Ordem football! On top of this, we have a new football phrase for you to guess and a Premier League prediction for you to make. Enjoy!
How much did you understand?
In the podcast, Rich and Jack used some words and phrases that might be new for you. You can see two examples here:
Four out of the five candidates for the BBC's prestigious African Player of the Year Award play in the Premier League.
Tadic had the last laugh because Serbia scored a late equaliser.
There were a few more tricky words in the podcast. Can you remember all of them? Try the activity below, then, listen to the podcast again to hear how we used the words in context. This can really help with understanding.
Language - Because
The word 'because' is a conjunction like 'and', 'or', 'but' and 'although'. We use conjunctions to give more information, give alternatives, give reasons or results. We use 'because' to give reasons. Here are a couple of examples taken from the podcast:
You might see Southampton's Dusan Tadic in a mask next weekend, because he broke his nose last week.
Rich bought some earmuffs, because he thought they looked good.
In both these examples, the second part of the sentence explains the reason for the action in the first part of the sentence; 'because' answers the question 'why?'. When we use 'because' it is followed by a verb phrase; in the examples above you can see the subject 'he' followed by the verb 'broke' and 'thought'.
Language - Because of
The phrase 'because of' is not a conjunction like 'because', it is a preposition. It usually has the same meaning as because and is used to give reasons but how we use it is a bit different. Take a look at these examples from the podcast:
The Premier League took a break because of World Cup qualifiers last weekend.
Chelsea are playing so well because of Victor Moses.
In both these examples, like with the examples which use 'because', the second part of the sentence explains the reason for the action in the first part of the sentence. However, when we use 'because of' it is followed by a noun phrase; in the examples above the nouns are 'World Cup qualifiers' and 'Victor Moses'.
You may also see 'because of' followed by a gerund (verb+-ing). In these cases, the gerund is acting as a noun and it is a noun rather than a verb phrase which is being used. Here is an example from the podcast:
Victor Moses is playing better because of moving position.
In this activity, take a look at the sentences and decide if you should be using 'because' or 'because of'.
Who should win the BBC African Player of the Year Award?
You can vote for the BBC's African Player of the Year Award by following the link on the side of this page. Here are the five candidates, four of them play their football in the Premier League. Who do you think should win?
- Riyad Mahrez (Leicester City and Algeria)
- Sadio Mane (Liverpool/Southampton and Senegal)
- Yaya Toure (Manchester City and Ivory Coast)
- Andre Ayew (West Ham/Swansea City and Ghana)
- Patrick Aubayemang (Borussia Dortmund and Gabon)
Rich: Hello my name’s Rich
Latest news headlines
Jack: Let’s start with the Premier League headlines this week.
Rich: Don’t forget! We still have our new competition for you! It’s called the Big Football Quiz! You have to answer 10 questions. Five are about Football English and five test your football knowledge.
Jack: And if you get all the answers right, you could win a Premier League match ball. The Nike Ordem 4 is exactly what is used on matchday and is worth about £100.
Player of the Week
Rich: But our player of the week this week is Nigeria’s Chelsea forward……. Victor Moses. He scored twice in Nigeria’s 3-1 win against Algeria to give his country a great chance of qualifying for the World Cup in Russia. He’s also in the best form of his life for Chelsea.
Jack: Yes, he’s having a fantastic season. I think one of the reasons Chelsea are playing so well is because of Victor Moses.
Rich: Yeah, I didn’t think he would play for Chelsea this season because he’s been on loan at Liverpool, Stoke City and West Ham in the last three seasons. But, maybe, he’s playing better because of moving position?
Jack: That’s right; he’s playing further back this season in a more defensive position.
Jack: What are you wearing?
Rich: Because it’s cold. Do you like them? Look they have the Liverpool badge on the side of each ear.
Jack: Errr very nice. Is that why you bought them? Because they have the Liverpool badge on them?
Rich: Not only because of the badge, although, you know I like my football merchandise - but because they go well with my Liverpool scarf
Jack: So, you only bought them because of that? Because of fashion - because they look good with the scarf?
Rich: No, also because of the price. They only cost £5.
Jack: Ahh, OK because they were cheap. Sounds expensive to me!
Jack: In the last section, we were talking about something that Rich bought. But what we really want to do is to talk about some language that often confuses learners.
Jack: You didn’t make a prediction last week because of the international break. Have you got one for us this week, Rich?
In Gameweek 11, Arsenal and Spurs drew 1-1, Rich made the second correct score of the season! Well done, Rich! It takes him to the top of our leaderboard on 7 points! Jack is on 6 points and our podcast listeners stay on 4 points. Come on! We know you can do better! Remember, it's one point for the correct result and two additional points for the correct score. The big match in Gameweek 12 is - Manchester Utd v Arsenal! Can you predict the right score?
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Make your prediction now!
What do you think?
In this week’s podcast, Jack and Rich used the words 'because' and 'because of' to give reasons. We would like you to use a mixture of these words when giving your answers to these questions:.
Which teams will qualify for the World Cup? Which region is it most difficult to qualify from? Why?
Who do you think should become the BBC African Player of the Year? Why?
What's the worst football injury you've ever seen? Why?