The Manchester Derby - 16/17 ep.5
In this week's Premier Skills English podcast, Rich and Jack talk about the some of the latest transfers in the Premier League and Saturday's Manchester Derby which puts Jose Mourinho up against Pep Guardiola for the first time as managers of United and City. The language focus is on used to for past states and repeated actions as Jack talks about when he lived in Manchester. In our pronunciation section, we have a look at the difference between voiced and voiceless sounds with an emphasis on the /s/ and /z/ sounds. We also have news about our Premier Skills Fantasy Football team, your chance to make a prediction on the Manchester Derby and a new football phrase for you to guess.
How much did you understand?
In the podcast, Rich and Jack used some words and phrases that might be new for you. You can see two examples here:
Sergio Aguero has been banned for three matches so won't play in the Manchester Derby.
The Manchester Derby promises to be a very exciting but tense match.
There were a few more tricky words in the podcast. Can you remember all of them? Try the activity below, then, listen to the podcast again to hear how we used the words in context. This can really help with understanding.
Marcus Rashford got the winner in the last Manchester Derby.
Language - 'Used to' to speak about past habits and actions
In the podcast, Rich spoke to Jack about when he used to live in Manchester, near the Old Trafford football stadium. He spoke about things in the past that he has stopped doing (past habits), and things that continued for a long time in the past without changing (past states). To talk about these two things, we can use 'used to + infinitive'. You can see two examples from the podcast below. If you want to learn more, try the activity below and look at our Learn English Grammar Pages.
"I used to live quite close to Old Trafford."
"I used to hear the crowd when Man Utd scored a goal."
Two weeks ago, we spoke about the form 'get used to' which is very different from 'used to'. Look at the sentence below that Rich said in the podcast. Can you see the difference in meaning and form between 'used to' and 'be/get used to'? Now, try saying the sentence yourself. Can you hear the difference?
"In the UK, I used to drive on the left but when I moved to Spain I had to get used to driving on the right. I didn’t use to like it because when I got to a roundabout I used to look the wrong way."
In this activity, take a look at the text decide which word to use in the gap.
Manchester Utd's David De Gea will be happy that Manchester City's Sergio Aguero will miss the derby match because he's suspended.
Pronunciation - /s/ and /z/
In this week's podcast, we looked at two sounds that are difficult to distinguish from each other: /s/ as in soccer and /z/ as in zebra. The difference between these two sounds is that /s/ is voiceless and /z/ is voiced. When we say voiced sounds /z/, we use our vocal cords which are things in your throat that vibrate to produce sounds. When we say voiceless sounds /s/ we don't use our vocal chords, only air, to produce the sound. Try saying the sounds in the list below and press your finger against your throat. Can you feel a difference when you say the words with voiced sounds?
Zlatan Ibrahimovic will be one of a number of players who will feature in the Manchester Derby for the first time.
Rich: Hello my name’s Rich and welcome to this week’s Premier Skills English podcast.
Jack: Hi everyone. I’m Jack and every week we talk about football and help you with your English.
Rich: We’re going to be talking about the latest action in the Premier League and looking forward to one of the biggest matches of the Premier League season - the Manchester Derby.
Jack: The main language focus this week is on used to to talk about states and repeated actions in the past that are not true now or don’t happen now.
Rich: I’ll be asking Jack what it was like to live in Manchester but more about all that later. What else do we have for you in this week’s podcast?
Jack: We have some more pronunciation practice, a new football phrase for you and this week’s Premier League prediction. No surprises for guessing that we we’ll ask you to predict the winner of the Manchester Derby.
Rich: But, let’s begin by talking about what’s been happening on the website this week.
Jack: We’ve got a new player article on the website. There were a few last-minute transfers last week but the biggest surprise was probably the Brazilian defender, David Luiz returning to his old club - Chelsea.
Rich: Yes, as always transfer deadline day was very exciting with lots of players moving clubs. The David Luiz article is up on the homepage so have a look at it when you have a minute - we’ve added a quiz to test your knowledge of transfer vocabulary, too.
Jack: Elghoul from Algeria was happy to see Islam Slimani move to Leicester from Sporting Lisbon in Portugal. It was a record transfer for Leicester and it will be exciting to see him play in attack with Jamie Vardy and his Algerian teammate - Riyad Mahrez.
Rich: Kwesimanifest from Ghana was surprised to see Jack Wilshere move from Arsenal to Bournemouth. What do you think about that one, Jack?
Jack: Yes, it was a bit surprising but he has had lots of injuries.
Rich: There were no Premier League matches last weekend so no fantasy football but don’t forget to help choose the Premier Skills team for this weekend and the captain - we’re also looking at power plays
Jack: From the votes so far it looks like Ibrahimovic will be our captain again and we are going to go for all out attack!
Rich: But, we need to make a last minute change. Sergio Aguero has been banned for 3 matches so won’t be playing. We need your advice on which player can replace Aguero in our team. I’ve added a link to the fantasy football section on the side of the page so let us know what to do in the comments section.
Jack: What’s been happening in the Premier League this week, Rich?
Rich: Well, as we’ve said already most of the action has been off the pitch this week. There have been lots of new players arriving in the Premier League. I’m most looking forward to seeing Islam Slimani in action for Leicester. He should score lots of goals.
Jack: Simone Zaza is a good buy for West Ham - he plays for Italy. I hope he doesn’t take any penalties though. Do you remember the one he took at the Euros?
Rich: Yes, it was pretty bad. Right, let’s look ahead to this weekend because we have one of the biggest matches of the season - The Manchester Derby! Before we talk about the match let’s answer a question I hear quite often. The question is; ‘What is a derby?’
Jack: A ‘derby’ is a match between two teams from the same city or region so in the Premier League this season we have the Merseyside Derby between Liverpool and Everton who are both based in the city of Liverpool.
Rich:Two weeks ago Middlesbrough won the Tees - Wear Derby against Sunderland. These two teams are from the same region - the North East of England. The name comes from the rivers that run through the cities. The Tees runs through Middlesbrough and the Wear runs though Sunderland.
Jack: Then we have London Derbies. In the Premier League this season, there are five London teams: Arsenal, Chelsea, Crystal Palace, Tottenham and West Ham. Any match between any of these teams is a derby match and a bit more special but because London is so big the biggest rivalries are the teams that are closer to each other.
Rich: The biggest derby match is probably the North London Derby between Arsenal and Tottenham. It’s a big rivalry and has become even more intense in recent seasons with Tottenham challenging Arsenal near the top of the Premier League.
Jack: But, probably the biggest derby match this season is the Manchester Derby. It’s always a big deal, but this season it’s going to be really special.
Rich: Traditionally, the North-West Derby between Manchester Utd and Liverpool has been the biggest derby in English football but with City becoming more and more important the Manchester Derby has become more important to Utd fans, too.
Jack: And this season, with Utd and City first and second in the table and the rivalry between the two new managers - Jose Mourinho and Pep Guardiola - it promises to be a very exciting but tense match.
Rich: Tense is often a word that describes derbies and other important matches. What does it mean?
Jack: Well, tense is used to describe a situation where people have very strong feelings but can’t relax because they are nervous or worried.
Rich: Tense is a word that can be used to describe the players and the fans during derby matches. You used to live in Manchester, Jack. Did you use to see any changes on match day?
Jack: When Manchester Utd were at home, yes, I used to see and hear a lot. I used to live quite close to Old Trafford.
Rich: I know that you’re not a Man Utd fan so you didn’t use to go to the matches but what did you notice.
Jack: Well, before matches there used to be a lot of traffic near the ground. It used to be impossible to park my car if I came home when there was a match playing.
Rich: Alright. What about the football? Did you use to hear the crowd?
Jack: Yes, well, I couldn’t hear the songs but I used to know when there was a goal because there would be a big cheer. You could hear it for miles.
Rich: And I imagine that for derby matches the atmosphere would be louder.
Jack: Yes, there was definitely a better atmosphere when there was a big game going on.
Rich: In the last section, Jack spoke a little about when he lived in Manchester. We used the phrase ‘used to’ a lot.
Jack: We use ‘used to’ to speak about states in the past like ‘I used to live in Manchester’ and repeated actions in the past, like ‘I used to hear the crowd when Man Utd scored a goal’.
Rich: After ‘used to’ we use the infinitive so Jack said ‘used to live’ and ‘used to hear’ and, as Jack said, we use it to talk about states, which are things that don’t change like where you live or lived. Or, we use it to talk about things that happened a lot like Jack hearing the Man Utd crowd after a goal. Is that why you left Manchester Jack?
Jack: No, I got used to it after a while!
Rich: Ahhh! You got used to it. This is an interesting phrase and one we looked at in the podcast two weeks ago.
Jack: Yes, you’ve got to remember the difference. Get used to or be used to means to become accustomed to something that was strange or unusual like getting used to food from a different country.
Rich: Let me think of a sentence., right, ‘In the UK I used to drive on the left but when I moved to Spain I had to get used to driving on the right. I didn’t use to like it because when I got to a roundabout I used to look the wrong way., which could have been dangerous. Now, I’m used to it and only look the wrong way when I’m back in the UK.
Jack: I’m glad I don’t have to drive on the same roads as you, Rich. Listen to the sentence again and make sure you understand how used to is being used differently.
Rich: In this week’s pronunciation section we’re going to take a look at two different sounds: /s/ and /z/.
Jack: We’ve just been talking about the phrase ‘used to’. ‘Used’ here has an ‘s’ sound like ‘snake’ or ‘soccer’
Rich: But when the word ‘used’ is a main verb like here ‘I use my key to open the door’ we say ‘use’ and a /z/ sound like ‘zoo’ or ‘zebra’.
Jack: Earlier, Rich said ‘we used the phrase used to a lot’. Here in ‘we used’ ‘used’ uses a /z/ sound but ‘used to’ an /s/ sound.
Rich: The difference between the sounds is that /s/ is a voiceless sound and /z/ is a voiced sound. Voiced sounds use the vocal cords in our mouth so they vibrate - other voiced sounds are /b/ and /v/ and /g/. If you put your hand in the middle of your neck you can feel the sound. Try saying these sounds placing your hand on your neck:
Jack: Voiceless sounds don’t use your vocal chords they use air to make the sound. So, /s/ is voiceless and sounds such as /p/, /f/ and /k/. Try saying these sounds:
Rich: Now, see if you can feel a difference by placing your hand on your neck and saying these words with the /s/ and /z/ sounds. Which words use /s/ and which use /z/? Let us know in the comments section below:
Rich: Have you got a football phrase for us this week?
Jack: Yes, I have, but first last week’s football phrase. It caused some confusion. The phrase was ‘sign for’. A player signs for a football club and it means they sign a contract or make an agreement to play for a football club. You can say Jack Wilshere signed for Bournemouth or Claudio Bravo signed for Manchester City. If a football club is the subject of the sentence you just say sign. So, Bournemouth signed Jack Wilshere or Man CIty signed Claudio Bravo.
Rich: Well done to AssemJuve from Palestine and Kwesimanifest from Ghana who got the right answer!
Jack: This week’s phrase is ***** *****. We’ve been talking about derby matches this week and the phrase is connected to this. The first word means to be connected to your area or region geographically and the second word means an opponent or quite often a team that you don’t like very much. Manchester Utd and Manchester City are ***** ******.
Jack: I think I know which match you are going to talk about but it’s not going to be an easy one to predict.
Rich: You’re right on both counts. The Manchester Derby kicks off on Saturday lunchtime in the UK with goal difference the only thing separating the teams at the top of the table. Both Utd and City have won all three of their matches so far and both teams have been looking good. The match will be tense and I think it will be very close. I think City, generally have the stronger team and squad but they are away from home and will be missing their top striker - Sergio Aguero. The match could go either way but I’m going to go for a United win. Final score: Manchester Utd 1-0 Manchester City.
Jack: A United win. I don’t think so. Derby matches often end in draws so I’m going to go for 1-1.
Rich: Remember to make your prediction in our vote at the bottom of the page in our Premier Prediction League!
Jack: Right, that’s all we have time for this week. Don’t forget to write your answers to our questions and make a guess at our football phrase in the comments below. And remember to take a look at our Fantasy Football page and join in the discussions!
Rich: Bye for now and enjoy your football!
There wasn't a Premier League Prediction last week because there were no Premier League matches due to the international break. The week before, Rich and our Premier Skills listeners predicted the correct result (Man Utd to beat Hull City) but nobody predicted the correct score. Maybe Jack will get his first points of the season next week!! Remember, it's one point for the correct result and two additional points for the correct score.
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What do you think?
Do you think the Manchester Derby is the biggest match in English football? Why/why not?
What other derby matches do you know? Are there any derby matches in your country? What are they like?
What's special about derby matches?
Can you tell us something that you used to do but don't do anymore?