Are you an April Fool?
In this week's Premier Skills English podcast, Rich and Jack talk about the latest news from the Premier League and have some surprising news for next season. The language focus this week is on the difference between adjectives that end in -ed (excited) and adjectives which end in -ing (exciting). Jack and Rich also talk about April 1st which is a day, in the UK, when strange things often happen! We also have a new football phrase for you to guess. Enjoy!
How much did you understand?
In the podcast, Rich and Jack used some words and phrases that might be new for you. You can see two examples here:
Can you imagine thousands of Spurs fans sitting in the Arsenal stands?
Teams will be able to choose between the traditional right-footed football and the new left-footed football.
There were a few more tricky words in the podcast. Can you remember all of them? Try the activity below, then, listen to the podcast again to hear how we used the words in context. This can really help with understanding.
In this week's podcast, Rich and Jack used lots of adjectives. Many of the adjectives they used can be used with an -ing or -ed ending. Take a look at this sentence from the podcast:
It's a very surprising decision. I am absolutely stunned!
There are many adjectives that can finish with both -ed and -ing. Here are some of the more common ones. Do you know all of them?
When do we use -ing and when do we use -ed?
You can see from the table above that there are many adjectives which can end with -ed and -ing adjectives. But, when do we use -ed and when do we use -ing? Look at this example from the podcast:
The film was so boring! The characters were boring. The action was boring and the story was boring. I was so bored!
You can see that the first four examples use an -ing adjective but the final example uses an -ed adjective. We use -ing adjectives to describe something that causes an emotion and we use -ed adjectives to describe the emotion we feel. So, the film, the characters, the action and the story were the boring things that made me feel bored. Let's look at another example:
I wasn't interested in football when I was younger, but my dad took me to a match when I was 9 years old and it was really exciting. The players were amazing!
In the example above there are three more adjectives. The first is 'interested' and describes how I was feeling. We use -ed for this. The second is 'exciting' and describes how the match made me feel excited. We use -ing for this. The final adjective is 'amazing' and this describes the players. I was amazed by the players. We also use -ing for this. In the activity below practise this area by looking at some more examples and choosing the right answer.
Do you know when to use -ing and -ed adjectives? Can you think of some example sentences? Let us know in the comments section below.
Rich: Hi Jack. Big news. Did you see it?
Jack: What are you talking about, Rich?
Rich: The Premier League news. Next season the goals are going to be bigger and teams will get bonus points for scoring 3 or more goals in a match.
Jack: Really wow! That’s going to change things. There will be lots more goals.
Rich: The matches will be like basketball. It will finish like Liverpool 88-72 Everton.
Jack: Not sure the goalkeepers will be very happy. I’m going to find out more about this...right, let’s get on with this week’s podcast.
Rich: Hello my name’s Rich
Jack: and I’m Jack
Rich: and welcome to this week’s Premier Skills English podcast
Jack: Where we talk about football and help you with your English.
Jack: What’s happening this week, Rich?
Rich: In this week’s show, we’re going to talk about the latest in the Premier League and this week’s language focus is looking at different types of adjective. (participle adjectives sounds naff).
Jack: But first, let’s look at the Premier League headlines.
Rich: Premier League plan sunroofs at all stadiums.
Jack: All Premier League stadiums will have sunroofs installed next season. Players and fans have complained that they often have problems with the sun getting in their eyes. When the sun is out, the roofs will close in less than 30 seconds and leave players and fans in the dark. All Premier League sunroofs will be installed by April 1st 2017.
Rich: New left footed football in production.
Jack: From next April, Premier League teams will be able to choose from the traditional right-footed football and the new left-footed version. The home team will be able to choose which ball to use and it will definitely help those teams with lots of left-footed players in their squad.
Rich: Spurs to share stadiums with Arsenal.
Jack: Next season Tottenham's stadium will be redeveloped and for one season only the two North London rivals will share Arsenal’s Emirates Stadium. The only change to the Emirates will be a giant cockerel that will be installed at the main entrance.
Rich: Wow! What do you think to that, Jack? Tottenham playing home matches at Arsenal’s stadium.
Jack: I can’t believe it. It’s very surprising. I’m absolutely stunned.
Rich: The cockerel is, if you didn’t know, the bird that you can see on Tottenham’s badge.
Jack: To be honest, Rich, I don’t think the cockerel will last five minutes.
Rich: Do you think anybody noticed?
Jack: Not sure.
Rich: Shall we tell everybody?
Jack: Yes, I think we’d better say something.
Rich: OK, well, our headlines this week were not exactly true.
Jack: Not exactly, true. They aren’t true at all! They are jokes or maybe a better description is a hoax.
Rich: A hoax is when you say or do something to make other people believe that is true.
Jack: That’s not very nice really, is it?
Rich: Not normally, no. But on one special day every year everybody tries to play jokes on each other. Friends, families, newspapers, football clubs
Jack: And that day is April 1st and in the UK it’s called April Fools’ Day.
Rich: A fool is a person who is not very clever or acts in a silly way and if you fall for an April Fools’ trick or joke, someone will say ahhhhhh ‘April Fools’!’
Jack: Our headlines this week were all April Fools’ jokes or hoaxes that Premier League clubs have played in the past.
Rich: So, there aren’t going to be sunroofs at Premier League stadiums?
Rich: There‘s no such thing as a left-footed football?
Jack: No, don’t be silly!
Rich: And Tottenham aren’t going to share stadiums with Arsenal?
Jack: No, they’re not. I’m quite happy about that!
Rich: I’m actually a little disappointed. It would have been amazing to see your face when you saw thousands of Spurs fans sitting in the Arsenal stands.
Jack: I’m sure you would have had a good laugh. Well, the last laugh might be on you because Everton are moving stadiums soon, aren’t they? They might move into Anfield for a bit!
Rich: I think we’ll finish the conversation there.
Jack: In the last section Rich said that he was disappointed about Spurs not moving to Arsenal’s stadium. And, I said, that I wasn’t just surprised I said that I was stunned.
Rich: Disappointed, surprised and stunned. Disappointed means to be sad because something didn’t happen like you wanted it to happen. You might say that you are disappointed with the score or the result of a match. Surprised describes how you feel when you didn’t expect something to happen and stunned is like surprised but it’s stronger. I was stunned when Leicester won the Premier League last season.
Jack: That’s right but there’s something else, too. There’s something that these three adjectives have in common. There’s something similar about all three of them.
Rich: Yes, of course, all these adjectives end in -ed. Disappointed, surprised and stunned.
Jack: Yes, and what’s interesting about these three adjectives is that they can also end in -ing.
Rich: Yes, for example, I could say that I am stunning and surprising.
Jack: but in the end a bit disappointing.
Rich: Yeah, yeah. Very amusing. Let’s go back to the adjectives when they end with -ed. Disappointed, surprised and stunned.
Jack; We use adjectives which end in -ed to describe people’s emotions. Rich was disappointed that Spurs weren’t moving to Arsenal and I was stunned by Tottenham’s surprising decision to move stadiums when I thought it was true.
Rich: But when we use these adjectives when they end in -ing they describe something that causes the emotion. So, it was disappointing that it was an April Fools’ joke and not really going to happen.
Jack: And there are lots of adjectives like this. A film could be amazing, boring, interesting, amusing, confusing, exciting, frightening and more.
Rich: When you watch a frightening film, you feel frightened. If you watch a boring match, you feel bored. The -ing adjective describes something that causes the -ed adjective.
Jack: But, you can describe people using -ing adjectives, too. Rich said earlier that he was stunning and surprising. This means that he makes people stunned and surprised. Rich - sometimes you can be surprising but I’m not sure about stunning! I think you might have been using another meaning of stunning, there!
Rich: OK, I’ll stay with surprising. Anyway, we’ve got a few activities and some more information on the podcast page under this podcast.
Can you work out this week’s football phrase?
Rich: Have you got a football phrase for us this week?
Jack: Jack: Yes, I have, but first, last week’s football phrase. The phrase was ‘to get through’ and in a football context it means to progress to the next round of a competition. For example, Leicester have got through to the quarter-finals of the Champions LEague for the first time.
Rich: Well done to Liubomyr and Numrut from Ukraine, Kwesimanifest from Ghana, Ahmed Adam Mamado from Sudan, Mon from Egypt, and Shobonenok from Russia. All of you got the right answer! What’s this week’s phrase, Jack?
Jack: This week’s football phrase is a **** ****. When a team takes the field, each team has a formation, sometimes a team plays with two strikers and five in midfield and three at the back. Or maybe they just play one striker up front. This week’s football phrase describes the defence. When a team uses four defenders we often call them the **** ****. The **** **** usually has two centre backs and two full backs.
Rich: A difficult phrase. This system is very common in England but Chelsea don’t play with a **** ****, they play with three at the back.
Jack: And it’s working for them, too. Chelsea could go 13 points clear at the top of the table this weekend!
Rich: Oh, by the way, Jack, April Fools’ - the Premier League are not changing the size of the goals and there will be no bonus points next season.
Jack: No, basketball style scores in the Premier League. I didn’t believe you for one minute! Right, that’s all we have time for this week.
Rich: Don’t forget to write your answers to our questions and make a guess at our football phrase in the comments below.
Jack: Bye for now and enjoy your football!
What do you think?
In this week’s podcast, Jack and Rich tried to fool you and then spoke about -ed and -ing adjectives.
Did you know about April Fools' Day? Is there a similar day in your country?
Have you ever been fooled? Have you ever fooled anyone else? How?
Can you tell us about a boring/exciting football moment? Tell us why you were bored or excited!
Remember to write your guess at this week's football phrase and the questions above in the comments section below.